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掌门一对一:巧记英语语法的21个口诀

发布于 2018-05-24 18:28

  英语语法不容易记,但借助语法口诀,却可起到事倍功半的成果。英语语法的叙说,考究迷信性,谋求谨严。故而在大家看来,未免有些单调,看不上来。为此,全国各地的师生们编写了不少英语语法口诀,以协助记忆。教师搜集起来,大抵有20余首。

  1、英语的词类

  句子要由词组成,

  英语词类有十种:

  句中成分用虚词,

  名、代、动、副、数、描述:

  冠、介、连词和感慨,

  实词附加或沟通。

  词类性能把握了,

  造句之时好运用。

  2、语序歌

  主、谓、宾、表同汉语,

  定语有同也有异。

  状语地位更非凡,

  不能全和汉语比。

  3、一定句变普通疑难句

  have和be提句首,

  其它助词Do扫尾。

  工夫、人称由do变,

  动词只把原形留。

  谓语助词有几个,

  第一助词提句首。

  4、一定句变否认句

  否认词语加not,

  放在be和have后。

  其它要加动词do,

  do的前面加not,

  工夫、人称由do变,

  动词原形总保存。

  谓语若是助词多,

  not紧跟第一个。

  5、名词的一切格

  名词只变数,

  不分主宾格。

  人和植物类,

  可变一切格。

  撇(’)后加s,

  相当汉语“的”。

  工夫、间隔等,

  也变一切格。

  6、名词变单数

  复数变为单数式,

  加上“s”统言之。

  下列结尾名词后,

  要加“s”先加“e”:

  发音[∫][t∫][s]和[z],

  或是辅音加“o”时。

  有些名词变单数,

  词尾变动要留意:

  “y”前字母是辅音,

  一概变“y”为“ie”;

  遇到“f / fe”,

  有时需求变“ve”

  多数名词不规定,

  特地状况靠硬记。

  7、工夫名词前一切介词的速记

  年月周前要用 in,

  日子后面却不行。

  遇到几号要用“on”,

  上午下午又是“in”。

  要说某日上下午,

  用 on 换 in 能力行。

  午夜傍晚用 at,

  拂晓用它也不错。

  at 也在时候前,

  说“差”用 to,

  说“过”要用 past。

  8、介词用法歌

  介词加宾语,

  能力有实意。

  表、定、状、宾、补,

  词组在句里。

  9、介词顺口溜

  in 在……里,

  out 在……外,

  在旁边的是 beside,

  接近的为 by。

  on 在……上,

  under 在……下,

  above 在上头,

  below 在底下。

  10、be的用法歌

  动词be,变动大,

  “I”用“am”“You”用“are”

  Is用于它(it)、他(he)、她(she)

  单数肯定要用“are”,

  切莫用错闹笑话。

  11、动词的时态

  四种工夫各四式,

  联想比照便于记。

  工夫如今和过来,

  各自还有未来时。

  普通、实现、进行式,

  实现进行是四式。

  四四共有十六种,

  看来复杂把握易;

  除去have / be以外,

  动词变动有法则。

  12、动词方式的变动

  动词基本是原形,

  变动方式有四种:

  原形词尾加“s”,

  如今第三单人称;

  过来原形加“ed”,

  过来分词也相反;

  原形加上“ing”,

  如今分词或动名。

  原形词尾加“s”,

  好像名词单数式。

  若加“ed / ing”,

  以上情况要留意:

  词尾有 ie 只加 d,

  Ing去掉无声 e ;

  词尾 ie 变成 y ,

  而后再加 ing ;

  辅音之后y结尾,

  Y要变 i 加 ed;

  如今分词不变y,

  间接加上ing;

  词尾重读闭音节,

  结尾辅音都双写,

  r 做结尾也一样,

  重读音节 r 双写;

  结尾字母若是“t”,

  不是重读也双写。

  过来分词过来式,

  不按规定也有些。

  13、动词不定式不带to的动词

  四看(notice,observe,see,watch),

  三使役(have,let,make),

  二听(hear,listen to),

  一觉得(feel)。

  按:在上述动词后做宾语补语用的不定式不带to。

  14、非谓语动词

  动词不做调话用,

  不定、分调与动名。

  to 加原形不定式,

  词组可做名、副、形。

  分调如今和过来,

  相当副词和描述。

  原形加上“ing”,

  动词具备名词性。

  15、基数词变序数词(之一)

  基变序,有法则,

  词尾字母 tdd 。①

  八减 t,九减 e,

  f 要把 ve 替。②

  ty 把 y 变成 i ,

  记住山前有个e。③

  ① 指first、second、third。

  ② 指eight去掉t,nine去掉e,five和twelve去掉ve加上f。

  ③ 指twenty→twentieth等。

  16、基数词变序数词(之二)

  第一、二、三要全变,①

  其他“th”加后边,②

  “th”里有例外,

  你需分外记明确:

  八减 t,九减 e,③

  字母 f 代ve,④

  ty 变 tie。⑤

  ① one-first,two-second,three-third。

  ② four-fourth,seven-seventh,hundred-hundredth。.

  ③ eight-eighth ,nine-ninth。

  ④ five-fifth,twelve-twelfth。

  ⑤ twenty-twentieth,sixty-sixtieth。

  17、There be的地位和用法

  阐明何时何地有,

  there be在主语前。

  随着主语第一个,

  be的方式做变换。

  18、be going的用法

  be going 是助动词,

  后跟加 to 不定式。

  阐明“预备”或“就要”,

  工夫人称只变 be。

  19、have+got

  have 作为动词“有”,

  神态动词 have;

  have got习用语,

  got 可有也可无。

  若变否认疑难,

  去掉 got 再加 do;

  或把 have 提句首,

  not 加在 have 后。

  20、以or结尾的词

  售票员班长(照)镜子,

  蓖麻传授(找)医生。

  按:有些同窗常把-or结尾的词误拼为-er结尾的词。初中课本1-6册只有六个以-or结尾的词。它们是:doctor n.医生(第一册);monitor n班长(第二册);conductor n.售票员(第四册);mirror n镜子(第五册);castor n蓖麻(第六册);professor n传授(第六册)。

  21、以f(e)结尾的名词单数

  以f(e)结尾的名词,在中学课本里,呈现了不少。其名词单数方式:有的间接在-f(e)后加s;有的要改-f(e)为ve再加-s;个别单词上述两种方式均可(如handkerchief→handkerchiefs或handkerchieves)。仿佛不易记住这些规定,可只需记只上面这首顺口溜,置信你就不会感觉难了。

  妻子持刀去宰狼,

  小偷吓得发了慌;

  躲在架后保己命,

  半片树叶遮眼光。

  按:顺口溜中的黑体字是中学阶段学过的九个以上-f(s)结尾的名词:wife(妻子),knife(小刀),wolf(狼),thief(小偷),shelf(架子),self(本人),life(生命),half(一半),leaf(树叶)。这九个词变单数时,都是改-f(e)为ve再加-s。由self形成的复合词,其变动与self相反(如myself→ourselves;yourself→yourselves;himelf,herself,itself→themselves)。

  利用顺口溜来学习英语,至多有三大益处:一是节省了工夫。融会贯通成果差不说,还费工夫,而利用顺口溜,成果又高又省时;二是造就了本人的概括思想才能。把一些词语编成顺口溜,看似容易,其实也难;三是使人感觉学习英语还是饶有兴味的。既然顺口溜有这么多益处,那么,何乐而不为呢?

English grammar is not easy to remember, but with the help of grammatical formulas, but can play shibeigongban results. English grammar narrative, elegant superstition, seeking care. Therefore, in everyone's view, it is a bit monotonous and can't see it. Therefore, teachers and students across the country to write a lot of English grammar teaching, to help memory. There are more than 20 teachers in the collection.

1,

English sentences by lexical category words,

English lexical category ten: sentence components with the function of

,

, and dynamic generation, the number, Description:

crown, medium, conjunctions and emotion,

words or additional communication. The performance of

word class is grasped, and

makes good use of the sentence.

2, word order song

main, predicate, guest, table with Chinese,

attributive have the same and different.

adverbials are more prominent, and

can't be compared with Chinese.

3, a sentence of ordinary have and be

difficult sentence sentence and other auxiliary

Do off.

work, people change from do,

verbs only keep the original form. There are several

predicate auxiliaries, and the first of the

first auxiliary.

4,

denial of a certain sentence, denial of words and not, and

after be and have.

other to add verb do,

do in front of not,

work, person from do change,

verb original form of the total preservation. If the

predicate is multiple, the

not follows the first.

5, a noun

NOUN chege only variables,

is the Lord Bingel.

people and plants,

variable all lattice.

after skimming (") plus s,

is equivalent to Chinese" ".

, interval and so on,

also changed all the lattice.

6, the number of nouns change singular

plural into the singular,

plus the "s". At the end of the following

noun,

to add "s" to "e":

][t formula][s] and formula [pronounced [z],

or "O" is consonant with.

some nouns singular,

suffix changes to note:

"Y" is a consonant,

will change the "Y" to "ie"; "F / Fe"

meets

, sometimes need to change the "ve"

most nouns are not specified,

specially condition by crunch.

7, the preposition of all prepositions in shorthand

years before the use of in,

days, but not.

meets several numbers to use "on", and

is "in" in the morning and afternoon.

said that in the afternoon of a certain day,

was able to exchange in with on.

at midnight with at and

at dawn.

at is also in front of the time,

said that "bad" use to,

said "over" to use past.

8, preposition usage song

preposition plus object,

ability is true.

, set, form, guest, complement,

phrase in the sentence.

9,

in in preposition jingle...... Inside,

out is in... Outside,

is next to beside, and

is close to by.

on is in... Up,

under is in... Next,

above is on the top, and

below is under.

10, the use of be song

verb be, changes in the

"I" "am" "You" "are"

Is (it), for which he or she (he) (she)

singular must be used "are"

, do not use the wrong joke.

11, verb tense

four kinds of work each four,

association is easier to remember.

is now coming, and

has its own future.

is common, implemented, and carried out, and the implementation of the

is four. There are sixteen kinds of

44, and

seems to be complicated. Except for have / be, there is a rule of change of

verb.

12, changes in the methods of

basic verb verb is the prototype,

changes in four ways:

prototype plus suffix "s",

said today the third single; over her with "Ed",

over segmentation is on the contrary;

prototype with ing,

or a present participle.

prototype plus suffix "s",

as a noun in the singular form. If you add

"Ed / ing"

, the above should pay attention to:

suffix ie only D

Ing e

ie to remove the silent; the

into y, then add ing;

y

Y after the consonant ending, to I and ED;

present participle invariant y, indirect

and ing;

suffix stressed closed syllables,

at the end of the double consonant,

r end is the same,

r double stress;

if the letters at the end of "t",

is also stressed the double.

comes to the participle, and

does not follow the rules.

13, the infinitive without to verb

four (notice, observe, see, watch),

three (have, let, make.

), two (hear, listen to) to

(feel), a think.

press: the infinitive for the object complement after the above verb does not take the to.

14, non predicate verb

verbs do not do the use of tone,

indefinite, pision and dynamic name.

to plus the original infinitive,

phrases can be called, vice, form.

is now in and over,

is an adverb and description.

original form plus "ing",

verbs have nouns.

15, cardinal ordinal variable (one)

based variable order, a rule,

suffix letter tdd. (1)

eight decreases T, nine decreases e, and

F should replace ve.

ty turns y into I, and

has a E in the front of the mountain. (1)

(1) refers to first, second and third.

(2) refers to eight to remove T, nine to remove e, five and twelve to remove ve and f.

(twenty, twentieth, etc.).

16, cardinal ordinal variable (two)

first, second, third to

, "th" and the other behind, there are exceptions in the

"th"

, you need to remember is clear:

eight by T, nine by E, the

letter F generation VE, the

ty tie. (5)

(1) one-first, two-second, three-third.

(2) four-fourth, seven-seventh, hundred-hundredth. .

(eight-eighth, nine-ninth).

(4) five-fifth, twelve-twelfth.

5 twenty-twentieth, sixty-sixtieth. The status and usage of

17, There be,

clarifies where and when,

there be is in front of the subject.

changes in the way

be is the first of the subject.

18, be going

be going is an auxiliary verb usage, followed by

+ to infinitive.

clarifies "preparation" or "want", and

workers call only be.

19 and have+got

have as a verb "have",

have

have got modal verbs; idioms,

got can also be. If

denies the difficulty,

removes got and then adds do;

or have is the first,

not is added to the have.

20, or end of the word

conductor class leader (photo) mirror,

castor (look for) doctor. According to

: some students often misspelled words for -er -or at the end of the end of the term. The 1-6 books of the junior middle school have only six words ending with -or. They are: Dr. doctor n. (first volume); monitor n monitor (second volume); conductor n. conductor (fourth volumes); mirror n mirror (fifth volumes); castor n castor (sixth volume); Professor and sixth (sixth copies).

21, the nouns at the end of the nouns with F (E) at the end of F (E), are a lot in the middle school textbooks. Its noun singular way: some indirectly add s to -f (E); others should change -f (E) to ve plus -s; the two ways of inpidual words can be (handkerchief, handkerchiefs or handkerchieves). It is not easy to remember these rules, can only remember only this jingle, believe you will not feel hard.

's wife took a knife to kill the wolf, and the

thieves were scared;

was hiding behind the shelf and saved his life, and the

half of the leaf covered his eyes. According to

: doggerel in boldface is the middle school learned more than nine -f (s) at the end of the term: wife (wife), knife (knife), wolf (Wolf), thief (the thief), shelf (shelf), self (I), life (life), half (half) (Shu Ye, leaf). When these nine words are singular, -f (E) is changed to VE and -s is added. The compound word formed by self is the opposite of self (such as myself to ourselves; yourself to yourselves; himelf, herself, itself to themselves).

use rhymes to learn English, there are at least three major benefits: one is to save time. Mastery of poor results do not say, but also time-consuming, and the results of doggerel, tall and time-saving; two is that my general thinking ability. Put some words into a jingle, may seem easy, actually difficult; three is to make people feel learning English is interesting. Since the jingle has so many benefits, so, Why not??