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掌门一对一:少儿英语:孩子学外语真的越早越好吗?

发布于 2018-05-31 12:16

现在风头日盛的幼儿英语教育。各种针对1、2岁的亲子培训班迭出不穷,遭到越来越多的家长的追捧。这样的状况下,咱们不由要静下心来想想,孩子真的是越早学英语越好吗?

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  有一次,冤家转发一条英语家教招聘启事,而家教的对象不是初高中生,也不是小先生,而是几个月大的孩子。家长说心愿孩子还在襁褓中就多听听英语,相熟英语的言语气氛,为当前的英语学习打好根底。

  听闻这个音讯后,小编不由联想现在风头日盛的幼儿英语教育。各种针对1、2岁的亲子培训班迭出不穷,遭到越来越多的家长的追捧。这样的状况下,咱们不由要静下心来想想,孩子真的是越早学英语越好吗?

  说到这个,不可防止地会说到外语学习的要害期。

  美国哈佛大学心思言语学家莱尼伯格(Lenneberg)以为,外语学习的要害期大抵是2岁到青春期晚期(10-12岁左右)。在2岁前,言语学习是不可能的,由于大脑还不成熟。所以2岁前就让孩子去学习英语收效是甚微的。

  那两岁之后,孩子是越早学越好吗?其实也不是,要答复这个成绩,首先要问问家长要孩子学习外语的指标是什么。

  家长们的指标布局大抵能够分为三种:一是想造就孩子学习英语的兴味,让其理解本国国度文明,达到和指标语母语者一样的言语程度;二是想让孩子考据书,造就英语言语才能,为当前的工作简历添彩;三就是单纯为了小升初、中考、高考做应试预备。

  假如想让孩子外语程度达到母语者程度,语音需求明晰纯粹,那孩子最好就在低龄期间学习外语。

  不少钻研后果显示,仅就语音而言,第二言语开端的学习的工夫越早越好。Long在1990年经过试验发现:在6岁之前开端学习第二言语的,语音普通都没有本国腔;6-12岁之间开端学习,有的有本国腔,有的没有;而12岁之后开端学习,普通都有本国腔。

  所以想达到第一种指标,孩子在2-6岁之间开端接触英语最好。这段期间切忌吃力地“教”孩子英语,能够充沛利用外语歌曲、外语动画、外语绘本等资源,或是设计一些小游戏,让孩子在互动中学言语。这段期间放弃孩子对英语的兴味最重要,孩子天生就是对四周事物充溢猎奇的,假如家长强制孩子学习英语,孩子会得到他天生就有的兴味,兴味没有了就很难再找回来了。

  假如想要孩子最初的英语才能能应酬工作,那据说读写的才能大抵应达到中初等程度,读写顺畅,据说根本无阻碍,孩子最好是在6岁到8、9岁之间学习英语,最迟不能超越12岁。由于这段期间孩子学习语音的劣势还在。

  假如只是为了应试,那8、9岁当前学习英语齐全来得及,这个时分孩子的认知、生理、情感方面都趋于成熟,学习的效率也比拟高。但最好不要超越12岁,超越12岁就错过了孩子的言语学习的要害期,孩子学习言语会比拟艰难。

  我国教育部也以为:“8岁左右是学习外语的最佳期,在这个年龄段开端外语学习,不与母语学习抵触,效率较高。”因而,北京市将英语课程的开端工夫推延到三年级,即孩子的八九岁阶段,并不会错过学外语的最佳期间。

  为什么总是要强调八九岁这个工夫节点呢?由于对孩子来说,8-9岁对孩子来说是一个临界点,超越这个年龄段的孩子无论是生理还是认知、情感方面都趋于成熟。还有一个重要要素就是言语磨蚀。

  咱们这里探讨的言语磨蚀是指在母语环境中的外语磨蚀,也就是外语学习者在承受外语教学后因为长工夫没有应用而产生的外语技艺的丧失或退步的景象。

  言语磨蚀和年龄、动机、读写才能等要素相干。普通来说,年龄小的孩子学习英语的动机较弱,读写才能较差,所以其外语的磨蚀水平较高。Kopke以为,8-9岁关于儿童来说是一个临界点,在这个年龄段前的儿童言语磨蚀水平十分大,而超越这个年龄的儿童,其磨蚀的速度和水平均会显著降落。所以不思考语音要素,八九岁当前让孩子学习投入与产出的比率是更理想的,孩子学的更扎实。

  小编以前接触过少儿英语教学,的确也有这样的领会。关于五六岁的低龄儿童,假如一个单词或语音你不多反复,多巩固,过段工夫你再去问,他们简直都忘了大半。由于他们的英语学习大局部工夫都是for fun,孩子并没有花太多心理去记忆。然而关于稍大的孩子,比方十岁左右的孩子,他们读写才能强一些,动机也稍明白一些,遗记的会少很多。

  总的来说,就外语的语音学习和最终程度来讲,学习外语孩子的年龄越小越好。然而年龄小外语磨蚀的水平也强,这象征着投入与产出的比例不够理想。加上每位家长关于孩子学习外语的指标布局也不同,所以终究让孩子几岁学习英语,还是要看每个家庭本人的抉择。

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is now the limelight malpractice children English education. In 1, a variety of parenting workshops at the age of 2, after another poor, has been more and more parents sought. In this case, we don't have to be quiet to think about it, the sooner the child is the better to learn English?

wants more and more excellent English writing training. It's not enough enough to learn the following English learning materials. We can try the English test and the fee auditioning course next to sign up, and charge it to me.

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a friend forwarded a English tutor and tutor recruitment notices, the object is not the beginning of high school students, is not a small first, but a few months old children. Parents speak English listen to the wish of children are still in their infancy, familiar English language atmosphere, to lay a good foundation for the current English learning.

heard the news, Xiao Bian by Lenovo is now the limelight malpractice children English education. In 1, a variety of parenting workshops at the age of 2, after another poor, has been more and more parents sought. In this case, we don't have to be quiet to think about it, the sooner the child is the better to learn English?

, speaking of this, can not be prevented from talking about the critical period of foreign language learning.

, Leni Berg, a psychological linguist at Harvard University in the US, believes that the key period of foreign language learning is probably 2 years to the end of adolescence (around 10-12 years old). (Lenneberg) Before the age of 2, speech learning is impossible, because the brain is not mature. So it is very little to let the children learn English before the age of 2.

after the age of two, the sooner the children learn the better? In fact, it is not, to answer this achievement, first of all, ask the parents to ask the child to learn the foreign language of what is the index. Most parents

index layout can be pided into three kinds: one is to produce children interest in learning English, to understand our country civilization, and reach the level of language native speakers of the same language index; the two is to let the children make textual books, English language ability, for the current job resume is only three; in the beginning of a small rise, and the college entrance examination examination for senior high school entrance examination.

if the child wants to reach the level of native speakers in a foreign language and the need for speech is clear and pure, the child should learn a foreign language at the age of age.

many research results show that only phonetics, the sooner the second speech begins the better. Long was tested in 1990. It was found that before the age of 6, second languages began to learn, but the voice didn't have their own cavities. At the age of 6-12, they began to learn, some had their own accent, and some did not; after 12 years old, they began to learn.

so in order to reach the first index, children begin to get in touch with English between the age of 2-6. During this period, we must not bother to teach children English, and we can make full use of foreign language songs, foreign language animation, foreign language picture books and other resources, or design some small games to enable children to speak in interaction. During this period, giving up children is the most important thing to interest in English. Children are naturally full of novelty to things around. If parents force children to learn English, children will get their natural interest and interest and it will be hard to find it again.

, if we want children to be able to work in English at the initial stage, it is said that the ability to read and write is supposed to reach the level of primary and middle school. Reading and writing smoothly is said to be no obstacle at all. Children should learn English from 6 to 8 or 9 years old, and cannot exceed 12 at the latest. In this period, children are still at a disadvantage in learning phonetics.

, if only for exams, there will be enough time to learn English at the age of 8 or 9. At this time, children's cognition, physiology and emotion are all mature, and their learning efficiency is also high. But it is better not to surpass the age of 12, and surpass the age of 12 to miss the critical period of the child's speech learning, and the child's language will be more difficult.

, China's Ministry of education also thought: "8 years old or so is the best period to learn foreign languages. At this age, foreign language learning is not inconsistent with mother tongue learning. Thus, Beijing has extended the beginning of the English course to grade three, the eight or nine year of the child, and will not miss the best time to learn a foreign language. Why does

always emphasize the eight or nine - year - old node? Because for children, 8-9 years old is a critical point for children. Children beyond this age tend to be mature in physiology, cognition and emotion. One of the most important elements is speech abrasion.

, the language attrition discussed here refers to the attrition of foreign languages in the native language environment, that is, the loss or retrogression of foreign language skills that foreign language learners produce after they fail to apply foreign language teaching.

language attrition is related to factors such as age, motivation, reading and writing. Generally speaking, children of younger age are less motivated to learn English and poor in reading and writing, so they have a higher level of attrition. Kopke thought that 8-9 years old is a critical point for children. The children's speech attrition level is very large before this age, and the speed and level of attrition of children beyond this age will decrease significantly. So without thinking about the phonetic elements, it is better to let the child learn the ratio of input and output at the age of eight or nine, and the children learn more well.

little editor has been in contact with children's English teaching before. About five or six years old children, if a word or pronunciation you do not repeat, more consolidation, after a period of time you go to ask, they almost forget the most. Because their English learning is for fun, the children don't spend too much mental memory. However, about the older children, for example, about ten years old, they have a better reading and writing ability and a little understanding of their motives, and there will be a lot less.

generally speaking, the younger the foreign language children, the better the learning and final degree of the foreign language. However, the level of age small foreign language attrition is also strong, which symbolizes that the proportion of input and output is not ideal. In addition, each parent has different layout for children to learn foreign languages, so after all, let children learn English at the age of several years, or look at the decisions of every family. The above

information is the foundation for your future speech. Or, let's consolidate it tomorrow. If you have a very strong interest in learning English from now on, it's no harm to pay attention to the excellent brand of English training.